Google Whitechapel Chip has been in rumors since 2019. This is an integrated SoC or system-on-a-chip that Google designed for the first time partnering with Samsung. This fall, Google is going to launch it with its Pixel 6 series smartphones and Chromebooks. Its internal codename is GS101 or Google Silicon 101, and as per the latest sources, it is known as Tensor.
Previously, Google developed chips like the Titan M Security Chip, NPU or Neural Processing Unit, and Pixel Visual Core. But those were only co-processors. So, Google wanted to develop its in-house chip to serve its smartphone customers with better optimization and up-to-the-mark performance.
Do you want to know more about this chip? No worries. We are here to give you the details about this Whitechapel or Tensor chip in our article.
So, let’s delve into the details.
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Details of Google Whitechapel Chip
SLSI or system large-scale integration division of Samsung assisted Google to design and develop the Google Whitechapel chip. This SLSI division also used Exonys chips in the phones of Samsung in countries other than the United States, so, it’s quite natural that initially the Google Whitechapel and Samsung Exynos will contain a lot of similarities. Google will use some of the IP or intellectual property of Samsung to design the Soc and make a 5 nm chip.
Previously named as Google Whitechapel, Tensor will have the same CPU design as the Exynos 2100 i.e. four power-efficient A55 cores, three A78 cores, along with one Cortex X1 core. It will have an octa-core processor.
Tensor Soc will also have the same GPU as the Exynos 2100, which will be the 14-core ARM Mali-G78. Generally, throttling is a mentionable problem for the Mali GPU, but Google has controlled it through detailed software optimizations.
Google is planning to add a 120 Hz AMOLED display in its Pixel 6 series, and also to upgrade the overall gaming experience of its next Pixel lineup.
Recently, Mali GPUs have turned quite stronger than the previous GPU releases. Specifically, the Mali-G78 version, based on the 2nd-gen Valhal architecture of ARM, performs 46% better than its last-gen. simultaneously; the ARM Mali-G78 has turned out to be a prospective rival to the Adreno 660 GPU, under the Snapdragon 888 flagship.
Google has decided to keep the same CPU and GPU of the Exynos 2100, while making mentionable changes to AI (artificial intelligence), ML (machine learning), and security. So, the Pixel 6 series smartphones with this Google Whitechapel chip will deliver the same performance level as the smartphones of the Galaxy S21 series.
AI, ML, and Security:
Google has always focused on AI and computational photography in its devices, and it will focus more on its Pixel 6 series. According to The Verge, the AI’s dedicated Tensor Processing Unit (TPU) will be applied to take improved videos and photos and unlock new software experiences. Google will use ML to open exciting experiences for its Pixel users.
GS101 delivers the Titan M2 security module. According to Google, it offers the “most layers of hardware security in any phone.” This module holds sensitive information such as biometric data and authenticates the Pixel’s boost status.
Google is partnering with Samsung’s SLSI, and so, it’s quite reasonable for it to use a Samsung 5G modem. In the United States, all 5G phones along with the iPhone 12 series, have Samsung and MediaTek chipsets, and for mmWave connectivity use Qualcomm modems. So, Google will be in a unique situation here.
Samsung uses its 5G modem for worldwide mmWave connectivity in its smartphones of the Galaxy S21 series. But in North America, it uses Qualcomm to serve the purpose. Now, it’s interesting to observe what happens if the Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro eventually use this 5G modem in the United States.
One among the mentionable problems with any Android phone is regarding updates. Apple provides iOS updates for five years for iPhones, MacBooks, and iPads, while you won’t get at least near to this sort of update guarantee on any Android phone.
Hopefully, the situation is improving. Google offers security patches for three years and three updates to its Pixels. Now, Samsung provides security updates for four years and three Android updates for its mid-range phones and flagship.
The phone producer needs to work with its chip vendor-MediaTek, Samsung SLSI, or Qualcomm- to make sure that the new features function as expected. Vendors such as Qualcomm launch new drivers with each fresh Android version that matches the hardware-level variations. They do so for only two to three years because it will be not financially viable for them to do it for four years or more.
At present, Apple offers updates for five years as it is in charge of the software and hardware stack. It manufactures its chipsets and thus can provide updates for long-terms. Now, Google is following in Apple’s footsteps. They will control the condition of updates on Androids.
Google will control it by vertical integration i.e. taking charge of both the software and hardware. Google is in an ideal position to change our viewpoint about Android updates. The Google Whitechapel or Tensor chip can serve as the solution for update guarantees for five years for its Pixel series.
Specs at a Glance about Google Whitechapel Chip
|Technology||(Samsung) 5nm EUV FinFET|
|CPU cores||4x 2.0GHz Cortex-A55 3x 2.6GHz Cortex-A78 1x 2.8GHz Cortex-A78 (If it has similarity to Exynos 1080)|
|ML||Up to 5.7 TOPS|
|Modem||5G Modem of Samsung OR 5G Modem of Snapdragon X55|
|Additional Chips||Pixel Neural Core Pixel Visual Core Titan M security chip (or Dauntless)|
|Display Assistance||Up to 120Hz Quad-HD+ panel|
The Tensor SoC or previously known as the Google Whitechapel chip has undoubtedly opened a new door of possibilities for Android users. We think you have a clear and detailed idea about this chip after reading this article. Stay connected with us to explore your knowledge about the current trends and topics of new technology.